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Interventions to control myopia progression in children: protocol for an overview of systematic reviews and meta-analyses.

ΤίτλοςInterventions to control myopia progression in children: protocol for an overview of systematic reviews and meta-analyses.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsProusali, E., Mataftsi A., Ziakas N., Fontalis A., Brazitikos P., & Haidich A-B.
JournalSyst Rev
Volume6
Issue1
Pagination188
Date Published2017 09 11
ISSN2046-4053
Λέξεις κλειδιάAdolescent, Child, Disease Management, Disease Progression, Humans, Myopia, Pediatrics, Research Design
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Myopia is a common visual disorder with increasing prevalence among developed countries of the world. Myopia constitutes a substantial risk factor for several ocular conditions that can lead to blindness. The purpose of this study is to conduct an overview of systematic reviews and meta-analyses in order to identify and appraise robust research evidence regarding the management of myopia progression in children and adolescents.METHODS: A literature search will be conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR), Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE), and Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database via Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD). We will search for systematic reviews or meta-analyses that examine optical or pharmaceutical modalities for myopia control. Two independent overview authors will screen the titles and abstracts against the eligibility criteria. Individual study's methodological quality and quality of evidence for each outcome of interest will be assessed by two independent authors using the ROBIS tool and GRADE rating, respectively. In cases of disagreement, consensus will be reached with the help of a third author. Our primary outcomes will be the mean change in refractive error, mean axial length change, and adverse events. A citation matrix will be generated, and the corrected covered area (CCA) will be estimated, in order to identify overlapping primary studies. Possible meta-biases and measures of heterogeneity will be described, and cases of dual co-authorship will be identified and discussed. If any recently published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are detected, these will be appraised and their findings will be presented. An overall summary of outcomes will be provided using descriptive statistics and will be supplemented by narrative synthesis.DISCUSSION: This overview will examine the high level of existing evidence for treatment of myopia progression. Efficient interventions will be identified, and side effects will be reported. The expected benefit is that all robust recent research evidence will be compiled in a single study. The results may inform future research in this area, which should provide insight into the appropriate regimes for the administration of these modalities and contribute to future guideline development.SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42017068204.

DOI10.1186/s13643-017-0580-x
Alternate JournalSyst Rev
PubMed ID28893307
PubMed Central IDPMC5594593

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