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Can chronic intra-abdominal hypertension cause oxidative stress to the abdominal wall muscles? An experimental study.

ΤίτλοςCan chronic intra-abdominal hypertension cause oxidative stress to the abdominal wall muscles? An experimental study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsKotidis, E., Papavramidis T., Ioannidis K., Koliakos G., Lazou T., Cheva A., Michalopoulos N., & Papavramidis S.
JournalJ Surg Res
Volume176
Issue1
Pagination102-7
Date Published2012 Jul
ISSN1095-8673
Λέξεις κλειδιάAbdominal Muscles, Abdominal Wall, Animals, Antioxidants, Biopsy, Chronic Disease, Glutathione, Glutathione Peroxidase, Intra-Abdominal Hypertension, Lipid Peroxidation, Male, Models, Animal, Oxidative Stress, Rabbits, Superoxide Dismutase
Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that intra-abdominal hypertension alone could trigger such changes to the rectus abdominis muscle that would lead to an imbalance between oxidant production and antioxidant protection.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five New Zealand white rabbits were divided into three groups and a rubber bag was implanted into their peritoneal cavity. In group A (n = 15), the bag was empty. In group B (n = 15), it was filled with normal saline to achieve an intra-abdominal pressure of over 12 mm Hg. In group C (n = 15), it was filled with lead equiponderant to the mean weight of the normal saline injected in group B. After 8 weeks, we measured in rectus abdominis muscle biopsies the lipid peroxidation products, the protein carbonyl content, the total glutathione and superoxide dismutase (SOD) concentration, the activity of glutathione reductase and glutathione peroxidase, and the pro-oxidant-antioxidant balance.RESULTS: The lipid peroxidation products were significantly higher in group B compared with both group A (P = 0.026) and group C (P < 0.001). The total protein carbonyl content was significantly higher in group B compared with both group A (P = 0.006) and group C (P < 0.001). No difference was found between the three groups in total glutathione (P = 0.735) and SOD (P = 0.410) concentration. Glutathione peroxidase activity was higher in groups B and C compared with group A (P = 0.05 and P = 0.003, respectively). Glutathione reductase activity was higher in group B compared with group A (P = 0.005) and group C (P = 0.001). The pro-oxidant antioxidant balance was higher in group B compared with the group A (P = 0.012).CONCLUSIONS: Maintaining the IP over 12 mm Hg for 8 wk caused increased oxidative damage to both lipids and proteins with an increased pro-oxidant-antioxidant balance. In an attempt to compensate for this damage the muscle fibers increased their glutathione reductase and glutathione peroxidase activity.

DOI10.1016/j.jss.2011.07.020
Alternate JournalJ. Surg. Res.
PubMed ID22005502

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