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Laryngopharyngeal Reflux: A State-of-the-Art Algorithm Management for Primary Care Physicians.

ΤίτλοςLaryngopharyngeal Reflux: A State-of-the-Art Algorithm Management for Primary Care Physicians.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsLechien, J. R., Saussez S., Muls V., Barillari M. R., Chiesa-Estomba C. M., Hans S., & Karkos P. D.
JournalJ Clin Med
Volume9
Issue11
Date Published2020 Nov 10
ISSN2077-0383
Abstract

Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is a common disease in the general population with acute or chronic symptoms. LPR is often misdiagnosed in primary care because of the lack of typical gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms and findings on endoscopy. Depending on the physician's specialty and experience, LPR may be over- or under-diagnosed. Management of LPR is potentially entirely feasible in primary care as long as General Practitioners (GPs) are aware of certain "red flags" that will prompt referral to a Gastroenterologist or an Otolaryngologist. The use of patient-reported outcome questionnaires and the consideration of some easy ways to diagnose LPR without special instrumentation oropharyngeal findings may help the GP to diagnose and often manage LPR. In this review, we provide a practical algorithm for LPR management for GPs and other specialists that cannot perform fiberoptic examination. In this algorithm, physicians have to exclude some confounding conditions such as allergy or other causes of pharyngolaryngitis and "red flags". They may prescribe an empirical treatment based on diet and behavioral changes with or without medication, depending on the symptom severity. Proton pump inhibitors and alginates remain a popular choice in order to protect the upper aerodigestive tract mucosa from acid, weakly acid and alkaline pharyngeal reflux events.

DOI10.3390/jcm9113618
Alternate JournalJ Clin Med
PubMed ID33182684
PubMed Central IDPMC7697179

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