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Nuchal translucency and major congenital heart defects in fetuses with normal karyotype: a meta-analysis.

ΤίτλοςNuchal translucency and major congenital heart defects in fetuses with normal karyotype: a meta-analysis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsSotiriadis, A., Papatheodorou S., Eleftheriades M., & Makrydimas G.
JournalUltrasound Obstet Gynecol
Volume42
Issue4
Pagination383-9
Date Published2013 Oct
ISSN1469-0705
Λέξεις κλειδιάEpidemiologic Methods, Fetal Diseases, Heart Defects, Congenital, Humans, Karyotype, Nuchal Translucency Measurement
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To pool published data regarding the sensitivity and specificity of nuchal translucency (NT) in the diagnosis of major congenital heart defects (CHDs) in fetuses with normal karyotype.METHODS: MEDLINE and Scopus searches using combinations of the terms 'nuchal' and 'cardiac*' were complemented by perusal of references of the retrieved articles and an additional automated search using the 'search for related articles' function on PubMed. Only fetuses with normal karyotype and major CHDs were analyzed. Weighted estimates were made and summary receiver-operating characteristics curves were constructed.RESULTS: The analysis included 20 studies (205 232 fetuses; 537 cases with major CHDs). The pooled sensitivity and specificity of NT > 95(th) centile for diagnosis of major CHDs was 44.4% (95% CI, 39.5-49.5) and 94.5% (95% CI, 94.4-94.6), respectively. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of NT > 99(th) centile was 19.5% (95% CI, 15.9-23.5) and 99.1% (95% CI, 99.1-99.2), respectively. For the subgroup of studies in which NT was measured by Fetal Medicine Foundation-certified operators, the pooled sensitivity and specificity of NT > 95(th) centile was 45.6% (95% CI, 39.6-51.7) and 94.7% (95% CI, 94.6-94.9), respectively. The corresponding estimates for NT > 99(th) centile were 21.0% (95%CI, 16.5-26.1) and 99.2% (95% CI, 99.2-99.3). The pooled positive likelihood ratio for NT > 99(th) centile was 30.5 (95% CI, 24.3-38.6). There was high across-studies heterogeneity for most estimates.CONCLUSION: Approximately 44% of chromosomally normal fetuses with CHDs have NT > 95(th) centile and 20% have NT > 99(th) centile. However, there is high heterogeneity across studies, which largely remains even in subgroup analyses of studies of apparently similar design, potentially indicating the presence of some residual unidentified bias.

DOI10.1002/uog.12488
Alternate JournalUltrasound Obstet Gynecol
PubMed ID23606595

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