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Sleep respiratory parameters in children with idiopathic epilepsy: A cross-sectional study.

TitleSleep respiratory parameters in children with idiopathic epilepsy: A cross-sectional study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsGogou, M., Haidopoulou K., Eboriadou M., Pavlidou E., Hatzistylianou M., & Pavlou E.
JournalEpilepsy Res
Date Published2016 10
KeywordsChild, Cross-Sectional Studies, Epilepsy, Female, Humans, Male, Odds Ratio, Polysomnography, Prevalence, Respiration, Seizures, Sleep, Sleep Apnea, Obstructive

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to explore and compare through polysomnography respiratory sleep parameters between children with idiopathic epilepsy and healthy children.METHODS: Our cross-sectional study included 40 children with idiopathic epilepsy and 27 healthy children, who underwent overnight polysomnography. Data about sleep respiratory parameters were obtained and statistically analyzed. The level of statistical significance was set at 0.05.RESULTS: The prevalence of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome was significantly higher in the epilepsy group (35% vs 7.4%, p<0.01). Moreover, the odds ratio of an obstructive apnea index ≥1 in the epilepsy group was 10.6 (95% Confidence Intervals: 3.08-37.08) in comparison to the control group. The mean value of the obstructive apnea-hypopnea index was significantly higher in children with epilepsy compared to healthy children (2.46±1.22 vs 1.21±0.83, p=0.027). The mean values of central apnea index and desaturation index were comparable between these two groups. Longest apnea duration was significantly higher in the group of poor seizure control. All other sleep respiratory variables did not differ significantly between children with poor and good seizure control and between children with generalized and focal epilepsy.CONCLUSIONS: Children with epilepsy seem to present more prominent sleep breathing instability in comparison to healthy children, which mainly includes a predisposition to obstructive respiratory events. More studies are needed to investigate the relationship between sleep apneas and seizure control.

Alternate JournalEpilepsy Res
PubMed ID27400071


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