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Neuroradiological, neurophysiological and molecular findings in infantile Krabbe disease: two case reports.

TitleNeuroradiological, neurophysiological and molecular findings in infantile Krabbe disease: two case reports.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsVargiami, E., Papathanasiou E., Batzios S., Kyriazi M., Dimitriou E., Anastasiou A., Michelakakis H., Giese A-K., & Zafeiriou D. I.
JournalBalkan J Med Genet
Volume19
Issue1
Pagination85-90
Date Published2016 Jul 01
ISSN1311-0160
Abstract

Krabbe disease is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder due to a defect of the lysosomal enzyme β-galactocerebrosidase (β-GALC). Depending on the age of onset, the disease is classified into infantile and later-onset forms. We report neuroradiological, neurophysiological and molecular findings in two Greek patients with the infantile form of Krabbe disease. The index patients presented at the age of 3.5 and 6 months, respectively, due to developmental delay. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the first patient's brain demonstrated signs of leukodystrophy, while nerve conduction velocities (NCVs) were significantly decreased. The second patient's MRI at the age of 4 months was initially normal, but at 18 months demonstrated leukodystrophic alterations as well, whereas NCVs were also significantly delayed. In both patients, a severe decrease in β-GALC, activity supported the diagnosis of Krabbe disease, while the final diagnosis was confirmed by molecular genetic testing. Two homozygous mutations of the gene, the c.411_413delTAA [p.K139del] mutation in the first patient, and the c.749T>C [p.I250T] mutation in the second patient, were identified. At their last follow-up visit at the age of 4 and 6 years, respectively, both patients were bedridden and quadri-plegic, suffering from frequent respiratory tract infections and fed through a gastrostomy. Both mutations found in homozygosity in these two unrelated patients of Greek ancestry, could pinpoint a common origin. Genotyping of patients with Krabbe disease is important, in order to contribute to the creation of a European mutation database and to further study possible genotype-phenotype correlations of the disease.

DOI10.1515/bjmg-2016-0011
Alternate JournalBalkan J. Med. Genet.
PubMed ID27785412
PubMed Central IDPMC5026284

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