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Robotic Total Pelvic Exenteration: Video-Illustrated Technique.

TitleRobotic Total Pelvic Exenteration: Video-Illustrated Technique.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsKonstantinidis, I. T., Chu W., Tozzi F., Lau C., Wakabayashi M., Chan K., & Lee B.
JournalAnn Surg Oncol
Date Published2017 Oct
KeywordsAged, Female, Humans, Jehovah's Witnesses, Neoplasm Recurrence, Local, Pelvic Exenteration, Robotic Surgical Procedures, Uterine Cervical Neoplasms

BACKGROUND: Robotic-assisted total pelvic exenteration (TPE) can offer a minimally invasive approach to a major multi-organ operation.METHODS: In this video, we summarize a stepwise approach to robotic TPE in a 70 year-old female Jehovah's witness with a history of cervical cancer post-chemoradiation and radical hysterectomy who experienced local recurrence at the vaginal cuff involving the rectum and bladder.RESULTS: The patient was placed in the lithotomy position. A total of six robotic ports were used and the da Vinci Si robotic system was docked between the legs. We proceeded as follows: (1) the abdomen and pelvis were thoroughly explored for evidence of metastatic disease; (2) the pelvic sidewalls were mobilized and bilateral ureters identified; (3) the mesorectal plane was dissected to the level of the levators; (4) the lateral and anterior pelvic structures were completely mobilized, and parametrial tissues were mobilized to the pelvic wall; (5) the bladder was separated from the pubis symphysis, the space of Retzius entered, and the bladder and proximal urethra freed; (6) a perineal incision was made around the vagina, perineal body, and anus, which were excised; (7) an Alloderm mesh secured the pelvic floor, and an omental J flap was mobilized; and (8) a 6 cm incision was utilized for creation of an ileal conduit and a permanent-end colostomy. Final pathology was consistent with recurrent cervical squamous cell carcinoma invading into the vaginal, bladder, and rectal walls. Surgical margins and seven lymph nodes were negative for carcinoma.CONCLUSION: Robotic-assisted TPE is technically feasible in a Jehovah's witness under a multidisciplinary surgical team, even in the setting of prior radical hysterectomy and irradiated tissue.

Alternate JournalAnn. Surg. Oncol.
PubMed ID28808931


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