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Progression into sepsis: an individualized process varying by the interaction of comorbidities with the underlying infection.

TitleProgression into sepsis: an individualized process varying by the interaction of comorbidities with the underlying infection.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsSinapidis, D., Kosmas V., Vittoros V., Koutelidakis I. M., Pantazi A., Stefos A., Katsaros K. E., Akinosoglou K., Bristianou M., Toutouzas K., Chrisofos M., & Giamarellos-Bourboulis E. J.
JournalBMC Infect Dis
Date Published2018 May 29

BACKGROUND: Development of sepsis is a process with significant variation among individuals. The precise elements of this variation need to be defined. This study was designed to define the way in which comorbidities contribute to sepsis development.METHODS: Three thousand five hundred nine patients with acute pyelonephritis (AP), community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), intraabdominal infections (IAI) or primary bacteremia (BSI) and at least two signs of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome were analyzed. The study primary endpoint was to define how comorbidities as expressed in the Charlson's comorbidity index (CCI) and the underlying type of infection contribute to development of organ dysfunction. The precise comorbidities that mediate sepsis development and risk for death among 18 comorbidities recorded were the secondary study endpoints.RESULTS: CCI more than 2 had an odds ratio of 5.67 for sepsis progression in patients with IAI between significantly higher than AP and BSI. Forward logistic regression analysis indicated seven comorbidities that determine transition into sepsis in patients with AP, four comorbidities in CAP, six comorbidities in IAI and one in BSI. The odds ratio both for progression to sepsis and death with one comorbidity or with two and more comorbidities was greater than in the absence of comorbidities.CONCLUSIONS: The study described how different kinds of infection vary in the degree to which they lead to sepsis. The number of comorbidities that enhances the risk of sepsis and death varies depending on the underlying infections.

Alternate JournalBMC Infect. Dis.
PubMed ID29843641
PubMed Central IDPMC5975439


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