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Free IGF-1, Intact IGFBP-4, and PicoPAPP-A are Altered in Acute Myocardial Infarction Compared to Stable Coronary Artery Disease and Healthy Controls.

TitleFree IGF-1, Intact IGFBP-4, and PicoPAPP-A are Altered in Acute Myocardial Infarction Compared to Stable Coronary Artery Disease and Healthy Controls.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsAnastasilakis, A. D., Koulaxis D., Upadhyay J., Pagkalidou E., Kefala N., Perakakis N., Polyzos S. A., Economou F., & Mantzoros C. S.
JournalHorm Metab Res
Volume51
Issue2
Pagination112-119
Date Published2019 Feb
ISSN1439-4286
KeywordsAged, Biomarkers, Coronary Artery Disease, Female, Humans, Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 4, Insulin-Like Growth Factor I, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein-A
Abstract

Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and its binding proteins have been implicated in the pathophysiology of coronary artery disease (CAD) and myocardial infarction (MI). We investigated components of the IGF-1 system in circulation at the time of acute MI and following reperfusion in relation to levels of stable CAD patients and controls. Patients with MI (MI Group, n=31) treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were compared to patients with stable CAD subjected to scheduled PCI (CAD Group, n=40) and controls with symptoms mimicking CAD without stenosis in angiography (Control Group, n=43). The number and extent of stenosis were recorded. Total and free IGF-1, total and intact IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-3 and -4, pico-Pregnancy Associated Plasma Protein-A (PAPP-A), and the known markers ALT, AST, CK and CK-MB were measured at baseline and 6 or 24 h after the intervention. Patients with MI had higher free IGF-1 (p=0.003) and PAPP-A (p=0.011), but lower intact IGFBP-4 (p=0.006) compared with patients with stable CAD or healthy controls. None of the investigated molecules changed following reperfusion or correlated with the extent of stenosis. AST (p<0.001), CK (p<0.001) and CK-MB (p<0.001), were also higher. Free IGF-1, intact IGFBP-4 and PAPP-A could predict MI, but with lower accuracy than CK-MB. In conclusion, free IGF-1 levels are higher in MI compared to CAD patients and controls and this could result from increased cleavage of its binding protein IGFBP-4 by the higher PAPP-A levels. Free IGF-1, intact IGFBP-4, and/or PAPP-A are inferior to CK-MB as predictors or markers of myocardial damage.

DOI10.1055/a-0794-6163
Alternate JournalHorm. Metab. Res.
PubMed ID30497090

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