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in Food-Producing Animals, Horses and Household Pets: A Comprehensive Review.

Titlein Food-Producing Animals, Horses and Household Pets: A Comprehensive Review.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsKachrimanidou, M., Tzika E., & Filioussis G.
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume7
Issue12
Date Published2019 Dec 09
ISSN2076-2607
Abstract

is ubiquitous in the environment and is also considered as a bacterium of great importance in diarrhea-associated disease for humans and different animal species. Food animals and household pets are frequently found positive for toxigenic without exposing clinical signs of infection. Humans and animals share common ribotypes (RTs) suggesting potential zoonotic transmission. However, the role of animals for the development of human infection due to remains unclear. One major public health issue is the existence of asymptomatic animals that carry and shed the bacterium to the environment, and infect individuals or populations, directly or through the food chain. ribotype 078 is frequently isolated from food animals and household pets as well as from their environment. Nevertheless, direct evidence for the transmission of this particular ribotype from animals to humans has never been established. This review will summarize the current available data on epidemiology, clinical presentations, risk factors and laboratory diagnosis of infection in food animals and household pets, outline potential prevention and control strategies, and also describe the current evidence towards a zoonotic potential of infection.

DOI10.3390/microorganisms7120667
Alternate JournalMicroorganisms
PubMed ID31835413
PubMed Central IDPMC6955671

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