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Spatio-temporal expression profile of NGF and the two-receptor system, TrkA and p75NTR, in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.

TitleSpatio-temporal expression profile of NGF and the two-receptor system, TrkA and p75NTR, in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsDelivanoglou, N., Boziki M., Theotokis P., Kesidou E., Touloumi O., Dafi N., Nousiopoulou E., Lagoudaki R., Grigoriadis N., Charalampopoulos I., & Simeonidou C.
JournalJ Neuroinflammation
Date Published2020 Jan 29
KeywordsAnimals, B-Lymphocytes, Brain, Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental, Female, Gene Expression Regulation, Immunohistochemistry, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Nerve Growth Factor, Receptor, trkA, Receptors, Nerve Growth Factor, Spinal Cord, T-Lymphocytes

BACKGROUND: Nerve growth factor (NGF) and its receptors, tropomyosin receptor kinase A (TrkA) and pan-neurotrophin receptor p75 (p75NTR), are known to play bidirectional roles between the immune and nervous system. There are only few studies with inconclusive results concerning the expression pattern and role of NGF, TrkA, and p75NTR (NGF system) under the neuroinflammatory conditions in multiple sclerosis (MS) and its mouse model, the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). The aim of this study is to investigate the temporal expression in different cell types of NGF system in the central nervous system (CNS) during the EAE course.
METHODS: EAE was induced in C57BL/6 mice 6-8 weeks old. CNS tissue samples were collected on specific time points: day 10 (D10), days 20-22 (acute phase), and day 50 (chronic phase), compared to controls. Real-time PCR, Western Blot, histochemistry, and immunofluorescence were performed throughout the disease course for the detection of the spatio-temporal expression of the NGF system.
RESULTS: Our findings suggest that both NGF and its receptors, TrkA and p75NTR, are upregulated during acute and chronic phase of the EAE model in the inflammatory lesions in the spinal cord. NGF and its receptors were co-localized with NeuN cells, GAP-43 axons, GFAP cells, Arginase1 cells, and Mac3 cells. Furthermore, TrkA and p75NTR were sparsely detected on CNPase cells within the inflammatory lesion. Of high importance is our observation that despite EAE being a T-mediated disease, only NGF and p75NTR were shown to be expressed by B lymphocytes (B220 cells) and no expression on T lymphocytes was noticed.
CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that the components of the NGF system are subjected to differential regulation during the EAE disease course. The expression pattern of NGF, TrkA, and p75NTR is described in detail, suggesting possible functional roles in neuroprotection, neuroregeneration, and remyelination by direct and indirect effects on the components of the immune system.

Alternate JournalJ Neuroinflammation
PubMed ID31996225
PubMed Central IDPMC6990493


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