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MicroRNA-related polymorphisms in pseudoexfoliation syndrome, pseudoexfoliative glaucoma, and primary open-angle glaucoma.

TitleMicroRNA-related polymorphisms in pseudoexfoliation syndrome, pseudoexfoliative glaucoma, and primary open-angle glaucoma.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsChatzikyriakidou, A., Founti P., Melidou A., Minti F., Bouras E., Anastasopoulos E., Pappas T., Haidich A-B., Lambropoulos A., & Topouzis F.
JournalOphthalmic Genet
Date Published2018 10
KeywordsAged, Aged, 80 and over, Case-Control Studies, Cross-Sectional Studies, Exfoliation Syndrome, Female, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genotype, Glaucoma, Glaucoma, Open-Angle, Humans, Male, MicroRNAs, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Prognosis

BACKGROUND: Pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PEX) and glaucoma (pseudoexfoliative glaucoma; PEXG, primary open-angle glaucoma; POAG) have mainly been studied for their associations with genes' polymorphisms. The purpose of this exploratory study was to investigate the role of polymorphisms in genes encoding for micro RNAs (miRNAs) and in genes related to miRNA biogenesis.MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the present genetic association study, ninety-two polymorphisms were investigated for their contribution to PEX (n = 203), PEXG (n = 38), and POAG (n = 40) pathogenesis compared to a control group (n = 188). The next generation sequencing (NGS) genotypic analysis revealed data for additional 28 variants.RESULTS: A protective association was found between PEX and polymorphism 11382316 (mir-3161) [odds ratio (OR) = 0.64, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.47-0.86, p = 0.003], rs2155248 (mir-1304) [OR = 0.66, 95%CI: 0.47-0.94, p = 0.019], and rs28635903 (mir-1268a) [OR = 0.30, 95%CI: 0.10-0.94, p = 0.029]. Polymorphism rs113297757 (mir-3196) was associated with an increased risk of POAG [OR = 7.75, 95%CI: 2.13-28.76, p = 3 × 10]. Polymorphism rs1057035 (DICER) and rs55671916 (XPO5) in the 3'-UTR of genes related to miRNA biogenesis was associated with decreased risk of PEX [OR = 0.65, 95%CI: 0.46-0.92, p = 0.014] and increased risk of PEXG [OR = 2.84, 95%CI: 1.02-7.94, p = 0.038], respectively. The aforementioned associations according to the allelic model were further supported by the genotypic models of statistical analyses.CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to report distinct associations of PEX, PEXG, and POAG in the same population with variants of genes involved in miRNA biogenesis and with miRNA genes' polymorphisms. Further studies in larger groups of patients of various origins are needed to confirm the reported preliminary results.

Alternate JournalOphthalmic Genet
PubMed ID30148417


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