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The trimebutine effect on Helicobacter pylori-related gastrointestinal tract and brain disorders: A hypothesis.

TitleThe trimebutine effect on Helicobacter pylori-related gastrointestinal tract and brain disorders: A hypothesis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsBoziki, M., Grigoriadis N., Papaefthymiou A., Doulberis M., Polyzos S. A., Gavalas E., Deretzi G., Karafoulidou E., Kesidou E., Taloumtzis C., Theotokis P., Sofou E., Katsinelos P., Vardaka E., Fludaras I., Touloumtzi M., Koukoufiki A., Simeonidou C., Liatsos C., & Kountouras J.
JournalNeurochem Int
Date Published2021 Mar

The localization of bacterial components and/or metabolites in the central nervous system may elicit neuroinflammation and/or neurodegeneration. Helicobacter pylori (a non-commensal symbiotic gastrointestinal pathogen) infection and its related metabolic syndrome have been implicated in the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal tract and central nervous system disorders, thus medications affecting the nervous system - gastrointestinal tract may shape the potential of Helicobacter pylori infection to trigger these pathologies. Helicobacter pylori associated metabolic syndrome, by impairing gut motility and promoting bacterial overgrowth and translocation, might lead to brain pathologies. Trimebutine maleate is a prokinetic drug that hastens gastric emptying, by inducing the release of gastrointestinal agents such as motilin and gastrin. Likewise, it appears to protect against inflammatory signal pathways, involved in inflammatory disorders including brain pathologies. Trimebutine maleate also acts as an antimicrobial agent and exerts opioid agonist effect. This study aimed to investigate a hypothesis regarding the recent advances in exploring the potential role of gastrointestinal tract microbiota dysbiosis-related metabolic syndrome and Helicobacter pylori in the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal tract and brain diseases. We hereby proposed a possible neuroprotective role for trimebutine maleate by altering the dynamics of the gut-brain axis interaction, thus suggesting an additional effect of trimebutine maleate on Helicobacter pylori eradication regimens against these pathologies.

Alternate JournalNeurochem Int
PubMed ID33535070


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