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Abdominal compartment syndrome - Intra-abdominal hypertension: Defining, diagnosing, and managing.

TitleAbdominal compartment syndrome - Intra-abdominal hypertension: Defining, diagnosing, and managing.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsPapavramidis, T. S., Marinis A. D., Pliakos I., Kesisoglou I., & Papavramidou N.
JournalJ Emerg Trauma Shock
Volume4
Issue2
Pagination279-91
Date Published2011 Apr
ISSN0974-519X
Abstract

Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) and intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) are increasingly recognized as potential complications in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. ACS and IAH affect all body systems, most notably the cardiac, respiratory, renal, and neurologic systems. ACS/IAH affects blood flow to various organs and plays a significant role in the prognosis of the patients. Recognition of ACS/IAH, its risk factors and clinical signs can reduce the morbidity and mortality associated. Moreover, knowledge of the pathophysiology may help rationalize the therapeutic approach. We start this article with a brief historic review on ACS/IAH. Then, we present the definitions concerning parameters necessary in understanding ACS/IAH. Finally, pathophysiology aspects of both phenomena are presented, prior to exploring the various facets of ACS/IAH management.

DOI10.4103/0974-2700.82224
Alternate JournalJ Emerg Trauma Shock
PubMed ID21769216
PubMed Central IDPMC3132369

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