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The effects of tacrolimus on colonic anastomotic healing in rats.

TitleThe effects of tacrolimus on colonic anastomotic healing in rats.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsRaptis, D., Mantzoros I., Pramateftakis M. G., Despoudi K., Zaraboukas T., Koliakos G., Kanellos I., & Lazarides C.
JournalInt J Colorectal Dis
Date Published2012 Mar
KeywordsAnastomosis, Surgical, Animals, Collagenases, Colon, Hydroxyproline, Immunosuppressive Agents, Male, Pressure, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Rupture, Tacrolimus, Wound Healing

AIM: The aim of this experimental study is to investigate the effects of tacrolimus on colonic anastomotic healing after subcutaneous administration.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty Albino-Wistar male rats were divided into two groups, with two equal subgroups each. They all underwent colonic resection followed by a single-layer, inverted colon anastomosis and were injected subcutaneously with either 1 ml of 0.9% NaCl solution or tacrolimus (0.1 mg/kg body weight) depending on their group. Half of the rats were sacrificed on the fourth postoperative day, while the remaining half were sacrificed on the eighth postoperative day. Macroscopical and histological assessment was performed, while anastomotic bursting pressures and the tissue concentrations in hydroxyproline and collagenase I were evaluated.RESULTS: On the fourth postoperative day, the bursting pressures (217.00 ± 11.12, p < 0.001), the fibroblast activity (2.80 ± 0.42, p = 0.022), the neoangiogenesis (2.10 ± 0.32, p = 0.007) and the tissue hydroxyproline concentration (254.23 ± 67.10, p = 0.001) were significantly higher in the tacrolimus-treated animals. Furthermore, tacrolimus significantly decreased the inflammatory cell infiltration (1.50 ± 0.53, p < 0.001) and the tissue collagenase I concentration (4.16 ± 0.76, p = 0.002). On the eighth day, the bursting pressure (264.00 ± 32.61, p < 0.001) and the hydroxyproline tissue concentration (331.04 ± 55.56, p = 0.002) were significantly higher in the tacrolimus subgroups. The inflammatory cell infiltration (1.20 ± 0.42, p < 0.001) and the collagenase I concentration (1.61 ± 0.83, p < 0.001) were significantly lower. In addition, the adhesion formation score was significantly lower (1.20 ± 0.92, p = 0.065).CONCLUSION: Tacrolimus, when injected subcutaneously, promotes healing of colonic anastomoses in rats. It impairs not only inflammatory response but also collagen degradation, resulting to increased anastomotic strength on the fourth as well as on the eighth postoperative day.

Alternate JournalInt J Colorectal Dis
PubMed ID22065109


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