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Low Dose Administration of Glutamate Triggers a Non-Apoptotic, Autophagic Response in PC12 Cells.

TitleLow Dose Administration of Glutamate Triggers a Non-Apoptotic, Autophagic Response in PC12 Cells.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsStamoula, E., Vavilis T., Aggelidou E., Kaidoglou A., Cheva A., Mellidis K., Lazou A., Haitoglou C., Albani M., & Kritis A.
JournalCell Physiol Biochem
Volume37
Issue5
Pagination1750-8
Date Published2015
ISSN1421-9778
Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Increasing amounts of the neurotransmitter glutamate are associated with excitotoxicity, a phenomenon related both to homeostatic processes and neurodegenerative diseases such as multiple sclerosis.METHODS: PC12 cells (rat pheochromocytoma) were treated with various concentrations of the non-essential amino acid glutamate for 0.5-24 hours. The effect of glutamate on cell morphology was monitored with electron microscopy and haematoxylin-eosin staining. Cell survival was calculated with the MTT assay. Expression analysis of chaperones associated with the observed phenotype was performed using either Western Blotting at the protein level or qRT-PCR at the mRNA level.RESULTS: Administration of glutamate in PC12 cells in doses as low as 10 μM causes an up-regulation of GRP78, GRP94 and HSC70 protein levels, while their mRNA levels show the opposite kinetics. At the same time, GAPDH and GRP75 show reduced protein levels, irrespective of their transcriptional rate. On a cellular level, low concentrations of glutamate induce an autophagy-mediated pro-survival phenotype, which is further supported by induction of the autophagic marker LC3.CONCLUSION: The findings in the present study underline a discrete effect of glutamate on neuronal cell fate depending on its concentration. It was also shown that a low dose of glutamate orchestrates a unique expression signature of various chaperones and induces cell autophagy, which acts in a neuroprotective fashion.

DOI10.1159/000430250
Alternate JournalCell. Physiol. Biochem.
PubMed ID26584276

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