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Screening for TSC1 and TSC2 mutations using NGS in Greek children with tuberous sclerosis syndrome.

TitleScreening for TSC1 and TSC2 mutations using NGS in Greek children with tuberous sclerosis syndrome.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsPapadopoulou, A., Dinopoulos A., Koutsodontis G., Pons R., Vorgia P., Koute V., Vratimos A., & Zafeiriou D.
JournalEur J Paediatr Neurol
Volume22
Issue3
Pagination419-426
Date Published2018 May
ISSN1532-2130
KeywordsChild, Child, Preschool, Exons, Female, Greece, High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing, Humans, Male, Mutation, Phenotype, Registries, Tuberous Sclerosis, Tumor Suppressor Proteins
Abstract

Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) is a rare neurocutaneous syndrome inherited by an autosomal dominant manner. The disorder is commonly manifested by the presence of multiple benign tumors located in numerous tissues, including the brain, heart, skin and kidneys. Seizures, autism, developmental and behavioral delay, as well as non-neurological phenotypic findings, are suggestive of TSC. The identification of one pathogenic mutation in either the TSC1 or TSC2 genes is considered to be an independent diagnostic criterion. In our study, seventeen Greek patients, 2yo on average, were analyzed for the presence of pathogenic germline mutations in the aforementioned loci by Next-Generation Sequencing. A TSC1/2 gene panel was designed for the molecular diagnosis of the disease. Patients underwent initial diagnosis based on their clinical symptoms, most frequently involving the presence of skin lesions and/or epilepsy. Only one case was familial. Sixteen different genetic alterations were identified in TSC1 and TSC2 genes in fifteen patients, giving a 88% detection rate by employing NGS technology. Overall, most pathogenic mutations (11/15) identified were located in the TSC2 gene with exon 41 being the most frequent. With respect to genotype-phenotype association, no patient TSC1 (+) developed SEGA or renal cysts. No significant differences were observed between different types of TSC2 mutations and any clinical feature. Sequencing also revealed 18 different SNPs across the TSC1 and 20 across the TSC2 genes. This is the first registry of the genetic profile of TSC patients in Greece using a custom-made gene panel as molecular diagnostic tool.

DOI10.1016/j.ejpn.2018.01.026
Alternate JournalEur. J. Paediatr. Neurol.
PubMed ID29500070

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