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Tissue-Engineering of Human Intervertebral Disc: A Concise Review.

TitleTissue-Engineering of Human Intervertebral Disc: A Concise Review.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsGkantsinikoudis, N., Kapetanakis S., Magras I., Tsiridis E., & Kritis A.
JournalTissue Eng Part B Rev
Date Published2021 Aug 19

Intervertebral disc (IVD) represents a structure of crucial structural and functional importance for human spine. Pathology of IVD institutes a frequently encountered condition in current clinical practice. Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD), the principal clinical representative of IVD pathology, constitutes an increasingly diagnosed spinal disorder associated with substantial morbidity and mortality in recent years. Despite the considerable incidence and socioeconomic burden of DDD, existing treatment modalities including conservative and surgical methods have been demonstrated to provide a limited therapeutic effect, being not capable of interrupting or reversing natural progress of underlying disease. These limitations underline the requirement for development of novel, innovative and more effective therapeutic strategies for DDD management. Within this literature framework, compromised IVD replacement with a viable IVD construct manufactured with Tissue-Engineering (TE) methods has been recommended as a promising therapeutic strategy for DDD. Existing preliminary preclinical data demonstrate that proper combination of cells from various sources, different scaffold materials and appropriate signaling molecules renders manufacturing of whole-IVD tissue-engineered constructs a technically feasible process. Aim of this narrative review is to critically summarize current published evidence regarding particular aspects of IVD-TE, primarily emphasizing in providing researchers in this field with practicable knowledge in order to enhance clinical translatability of their research and informing clinical practitioners about the features and capabilities of innovative TE science in the field of IVD-TE.

Alternate JournalTissue Eng Part B Rev
PubMed ID34409867


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